Original Sixteen to One Mine, Inc.

Exploration of the Red Star Project

Observations, Conclusions and Recommendations

for the Exploration of the Red Star Project.


Mr. Wittkopp was hired to evaluate gold targets for upcoming development. In 1993 the Company was flush with gold, debt free and had excellent equipment, manpower and supplies at its disposal. The crews were locating and sacking hundreds of ounces of gold weekly, including the $1,000,000 day. Several 10,000-ounce pockets were yet to come. Management felt it was appropriate to choose a long-range project.


The following report identifies a portion of the mine from the 1500-foot level to the 600-foot level north of the Tightner Shaft. After a lengthy discussion, the management voted on various targets. Of the five-member management team (Mr. Wittkopp was an independent consulting geologist and not a member of the management team) this heading received one vote. One voter had no preference and three voters chose sinking a winze in the far southern part of the mine. Work began, which was called the 2283 winze project.


Because of our successes and gold prospects in the vicinity of the Tightner Shaft, the crew has rehabilitated the Tightner Shaft to the 1000-foot level. Now, thirteen years later, we have revisited the above targets from the 1000-foot level to the 600-foot level. (The 1500-foot level up dip to the 1000-foot level can wait for another day.) The decision to proceed with the rehabilitation of the 1000-foot level north this time was unanimous. Hope you find value in Ray’s report.



Michael M. Miller

November 7, 2006








To: Michael M. Miller, Johan Raadsma

From: Raymond W. Wittkopp

Date: June 18, 1993

Subject: Observations, Conclusions and Recommendations

for the Exploration of the Red Star Project.


The observations, conclusions and recommendations presented in this memorandum are based on a review of the listed references, two tours of the workings and half a day spent discussing the project with Bill Fuller at his home in San Andreas, Calif. The meeting with Bill Fuller was held during November 1990. Access to the workings, during the first tour, which was conducted on September 19, 1990, with Michael Miller, was obtained through the Osceola tunnel and Red Star winze. Access to the workings, during the second tour, which was conducted on June 11, 1993 with Chuck Baird and Ian Haley, was by way of the 1500 level of the 16:1 Mine and the 1064 winze.

As a result of this work, the following observations and conclusions were noted:

1. The Red Star property has had prior production of high grade. However, the amounts and exact locations where much of the ore was obtained are vague. It appears that the Yellow Jacket orebody produced 2,000 ounces. (The Yellow Jacket orebody is located in the Tightner portion of the Sixteen to One vein.)

According to Ayers, while sinking the Red Star winze, “The vein was found in place at the 500 level and drifting began in both north and south directions. High-grade ore was immediately found in the work south of the shaft and approximately $ 10,000.00 was hand mortared and shipped to the mint. The level was driven 200 feet toward the north line of the 16:1 mine and a few more bunches of high grade taken out.” Also, according to Ayers “At the 600 level a 50 crosscut was driven to cut the vein and development proceeded both north and south. About 250 feet south of the shaft a split in the vein was found and high grade ore encountered. At the split, one branch took a course nearly due north and the other continued along the same course, (N. 45 degrees W.), and gradually died out in the serpentine. High-grade ore was found along the latter branch for a distance of 150 feet. The major production was found at the split”. Ayers reports production of $ 60,000.00 for the Red Star workings.

Zucker shows that the area between the upward projection of the 1064 winze and a line trending east-west approximately 300 feet south of the Red Star property line produced 37,800 ounces of gold. High grade pockets in this area and to the north in the Red Star mine have been smaller than those south of the Tightner shaft in the “guts” of the 16:1 mine. The ratio of production to development work is not known for this property.

2. It appears that almost all of the production from this property is from the Tightner (16:1) vein. Some production probably came from the Red Star vein at its junction with the Tightner vein.

3. A large “pinch zone” has been mapped within the lower southern portion of the project. Although high grade has been found within pinch zones, production seldom pays for development work.

4. Bill Fuller feels that as a result of possible litigation the Red Star south boundary was not adequately explored. Although there appears to be considerable stoping along the boundary, the property line goes through the Slusher stopes, his comment deserves consideration.

5. The junction of the Tightner vein and the Red Star vein has been accurately mapped and plotted. Portions of this junction have had production while other portions appear unexplored.

6. There is a very high probability that the Yellow Jacket orebody extends below the 1250 level. This could be confirmed by driving a south trending spur off of the 1584 raise and raising into the projected ore. Favorable alteration is present in the 1584 raise.

7. A number of individuals including myself have viewed the Tightner vein on the 1500 level in the Red Star area. It appears that below this level the vein is pinching and breaking up and is not a strong vein. Bill Fuller also mentioned his concern. This is not uncommon in the Alleghany district and usually the vein swells and can again gain considerable thickness. Bill among others recommends drilling in order to confirm continuity of the vein at depth.

8. I have reviewed the drill program designed by Chuck Baird, mine geologist, to test the Tightner vein below the 1500 level. The program is logical and well thought out.

9. I have observed the 120 feet on the 1500 level where OME reports describe the occurrence of coarse or speckled gold. Although the statement “120 feet of speckled gold” is a rather optimistic statement, there is some visible gold within this zone and the presence of visible gold is significant. This zone may represent the continuation of the Yellow Jacket or North orebody.

10. While touring the Red Star workings, favorable structure and alteration often associated with the occurrence of high grade were noted. A thick layer of talc was noted in the footwall of the vein in several areas. There is a negative correlation between this occurrence and the presence of high grade.

11. According to Austin “The 350 foot level development consists of about 400 feet of drifting from the 350 foot west crosscut to the south boundary line of the Red Star. The vein, in schist, contacts the serpentine at two or more points on the 350 foot level. Its identity is somewhat obscured by this contact, but having been identified in the main west crosscut above the 350 foot level it would appear as if it may be following the schist serpentine contact from the 350 foot winze level to the original surface now covered by lava. The exposure of serpentine on the 350 foot winze level is of considerable importance, not only in identifying the downward extension of the Tightner vein from the main west level but the bearing that it has on probable ore deposition”. The map that accompanies the Ayers report also shows quartz on the 350 foot level. A review of maps shows a large block of unexplored favorable ground between the Tightner 250 level, The Red Star 350 level and the Tightner 1000 level.


Based on these observations and conclusions the following recommendations are made:

1. Drive a southerly trending spur off the 1584 raise to explore the down dip projection of the Yellow Jacket orebody.

2. Carefully study and extend the 1578 raise. Even though the vein is only 5 inches thick at the top of the raise, this is an important target because it is close to the junction of the Red Star and Tightner veins. When the junction is found raise along it to the 1250 level.

3. Drive three small raises into the 120 feet of vein with speckled gold to test for grade and continuity.

4. Commence with the Chuck Baird drill program to explore the Tightner vein below the 1500 level.

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5. At the south end of the Red Star 500 level, raise along the projection of the junction of the Red Star and Tightner veins. Ayres states that “the vein was faulted out”. Bill Fuller, however, recommends this work and I agree.

6. Within the southern portion of the 500 level disseminated galena was noted within ribbon banded quartz that also contained several clots of chalcopyrite. A very careful inspection of this area should be made for visible gold and if discovered, development work would be justified.

7. Do not explore within the pinch zone. Do not explore in areas where thick talc is found in the footwall of the vein.

The Red Star project has considerable merit. The targets on this property are worthy of exploration, however they should be evaluated with respect to other targets present on the 16:1 mine property. The targets with the least amount of risk and highest potential of success should be developed first. I look forward to discussing this matter with you in more detail.

Respectfully submitted,

Raymond W. Wittkopp





Austin, Bert C. May 14, 1951. Report on Yellow Jacket Consolidated Gold Mines, Ltd., Alleghany, California. 12 pp.


Ayers, Charles J. July 1, 1957. Report on the Endurance Mining Properties, Alleghany, California. 15 pp.

(Includes maps of both Red Star North and Red Star South workings.)


Baird, Chuck W. June 1993, Geological Map of Red Star South and Proposed Core Drilling Program.


Carlson, D.W. and Clark, W.B. July 1956 Lode Gold Mines of the Alleghany – Downieville Area, Sierra County, California. California Journal of Mines and Geology. Vol. 52., No. 3, pp. 237 - 272.


Fuller, W.P., Jr. December 21, 1987. (Letter to M.M. Miller, President, Original Sixteen to One Mine, Inc.)


Fuller, W.P., Jr. November, 1957. Geological Sections South of the Red Star Winze.


Logan, C.A. 1922. Quartz Mining in the Alleghany District. Eighteenth Report of the State Mineralogist, California State Mining Bureau.

pp. 499 – 516.


Miller, M.M. April 1990. Red Star Osceola Project, Original Sixteen to One Mine. Company Report.


Stinson, Walter. OME Loan Reports.


Taylor, T. 1961. Geological Maps of Red Star South.

Company Files.


Wittkopp, R.W. November 24, 1990. Geological Report, Red Star / Osceola Project, Alleghany Mining District, Sierra County California. Company Report.


Zucker, Claire L. Fall 1988. Report on Preliminary Mapping in the Osceola / Red Star Mine, Original Sixteen to One Mine, Inc., Alleghany, California. (Includes Maps and Cross Sections.)


Raymond Wittkopp


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